Despite a 1994 ceasefire agreement and years of negotiations, the dispute remains unresolved. The long-term presence of a United Nations Observer Mission and a Russian-led Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) peacekeeping force failed to prevent the flare-up of violence on several occasions.
Gagra (Georgian: გაგრა; Abkhaz and Russian: Гагра) is a town in Abkhazia, northwestern Georgia, sprawling for 5 km on the northeast coast of the Black Sea, at the foot of the Caucasus Mountains. Its subtropical climate made Gagra a popular health resort in Imperial Russian and Soviet times.
Gudauta (Georgian: გუდაუთა, [gudɑut'ɑ] Abkhazian: Гәдоуҭа, Gwdowtha; Russian: Гудаута, Gudauta) is a town in Abkhazia, Georgia and a centre of the eponymous district. It is situated on the Black Sea, 37 km northwest to Sukhumi, the capital of Abkhazia.
New Athos or Akhali Atoni (Georgian: ახალი ათონი, Akhali Atoni; Abkhazian: Афон Ҿыц, Afon Ch'yts; Russian: Новый Афон; Novy Afon, Greek: Νέος Άθως, Neos Athos) is a town in the Gudauta raion of Abkhazia, situated some 22 km (14 mi) from Sukhumi by the shores of the Black Sea.
Pitsunda or Bichvinta (Georgian: ბიჭვინთა [bitʃʼvintʰɑ] (About this soundlisten); Abkhazian: Пиҵунда; Russian: Пицунда) is a resort town in the Gagra district of Abkhazia, Georgia. The town was founded in the 5th century BC as Pityus (Ancient Greek: Pityus, Πιτυοῦς, genitive Pityuntos, Πιτυοῦντος) or Pitiunt, a Greek colony and trade port on the coast of the Kingdom of Lazica.
Sukhumi or Sokhumi (Abkhazian: Аҟәа, Aqwa; Georgian: სოხუმი, [sɔxumi] Russian: Суху́м(и), Sukhum(i) [sʊˈxum'ɪ] is a city on the Black Sea coast. It is the capital of the breakaway Republic of Abkhazia, which has controlled it since the 1992-93 war in Abkhazia, although most of the international community considers it legally part of Georgia.